The numbering preceeding each entry is for indexing purposes, started
at 100 to avoid duplication of website chapter indexing. For a 'Reader's
Digest' version of articles through 2015, peruse
Recapping a Decade.
Each of the following books mentions ERA or UNIVAC or Sperry or UNISYS
while discussing computer history aspects. Many of these are available at
the Charles Babbage Institute on the U of MN campus and a few are at the
Lawshe Memorial Museum reading room.
||High Speed Computing Devices
||Engineering Research Associates, Inc.
||1983 Reprint Series for the History of Computing by Tomash
Publishers. A digital version is available from the Bit Saver's
linked from our backup convenience folder.
||UNIVAC Products - St Paul A Handbook of Major Products Designed,
Developed, and Manufactured at ST. PAUL 16, MINNESOTA 1947 to 1959
||Product Planning Division
||Remington Rand Univac
December 31, 1959
|Don Weidenbach donated his copy of this book to the Legacy Committee.
The Committee subsequently donated the book to the Charles Babbage
Institute. A committee member scanned the book's pages and used
character recognition software to create a docx file and a pdf file
on a disc which is donated to the Lawshe Memorial Museum. Lowell
updated the original doc file by fixing the character recognition
errors and eliminating white space of pages between sections. Curt
Christensen's copy is at the Lawshe Memorial Museum. The pdf version
is linked here.
||A History of Sperry Rand Corporation
||Sperry Rand Publications Department
||Case Study of the Development of the Naval Tactical Data Systems
||R. W. Graf, Research Associate
||United Research Inc., Cambridge, MA
this document is saved on our URL for researchers.
||HISTORY OF THE UYK-20(V) DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM ACQUISITION
AND ITS IMPACT ON TACTICAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
||Robert Richardson Joyce
||Naval Postgraduate School
Thanks to George Grey for the pdf file.
||From Dits to Bits
|| This has early computer development from a Blue Bell employee
||Engineering Research Associates, The Wellspring of Minnesota's
||Communications Department, St. Paul Minnesota
||Booklet created in commemoration of ERA's 40th anniversary.
A scanned electronic copy
was provided by Michael Lins, January 6, 2016. Mike's father,
Ray Lins, worked in plant 1 and his uncle Stan Lins worked in plant
|| A Few Good Men from UNIVAC
||David E. Lundstrom
||MIT Press; Cambridge, MA
||1997 re-print by Replica Books; Bridgewater, NJ - Mr. Lundstrom
was a UNIVAC employee then a Control Data Employee.
||When Computers Went to Sea - The Digitization of the United
||Capt. David L. Boslaugh
||IEEE Press Order #BP00024
||Chapter 2 of this book is on line at
and Evolution of 1100/2200 Mainframe Technology
||Richard J. Petschauer
||Copyrightę 1990 Unisys Corporation Printed in U S America
||This paper was prepared in recognition of the 35th anniversary
of USE inc. and was presented at the Fall 1990 Conference in Seattle,
||Computer: A History of the Information Machine
||Martin Cambell-Kelly and William Aspray
||Magnetic Recording - the First 100 Years
||Eric d. Daniel, C. Denis Mee, & Mark H. Clark
||IEEE 3 Park Avenue, Ny NY 10016-5997
||ISBN 0-7803-4709-9 - Chapter 16 Data Storage on Drums
cites the work of Dr. Sidney M. Rubens
||Computers and Commerce: A study of Technology and Management
at Eckert Mauchly Computer Company, Engineering Research Associates,
and Remington Rand, 1946-1957
||Dr. A. L. Norberg, Retired CBI Director
Norberg was the original director of the Charles Babbage Institute
at the U of MN, also an initial advisor of the Club's advisory committee.
||A History of the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering
||Edited by James R. Leger
||University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
||Pages 182 through 189 discuss ERA and computer pioneering.
|| Unisys Computers: An Introductory History
you may order this book at
|George T. Gray and Ronald Q. Smith
||The companies that are encompassed within Unisys were among
the pioneers in the field. They rank just behind IBM in the impact
they had in the early years of the computer industry. Unisys was
formed in 1986 by the merger of Burroughs and Sperry, two companies
that had themselves grown through acquisitions and mergers. The
first two U.S. companies to build a computer, Eckert-Mauchly Computer
Corporation and Engineering Research Associates, were both acquired
by Remington Rand Corporation (in 1950 and 1951) which, in turn,
merged with Sperry in 1956 to become Sperry Rand Corporation.
||The Secret in Building 26, The untold story of America's ultra
war against the u-boat enigma codes
||Jim DeBrosse and Colin Burke
||This book relates the WWII activities of William 'Bill' Norris,
Ralph Meader, and Howard Engstrom who were three of the four founders
||"The Cello Maker" and other stories of the working man.
|| David P. Anderson
||Chandelle Press, second edition
||The sixteenth short story in this book is "The Invention of
Voice Mail", our July 2007 Article for the Month.
||"It Wasn't all Magic: The Early Struggle to Automate
Cryptanalysis 1930s- 1960s"
||Center for Cryptology History, National Security Agency, 2002.
||Includes the history of Engineering Research Associates, and
some history on CDC, IBM, NCR, Raytheon, and Remington-Rand.
A pdf download of the book: 40 megs/344 pages
http://www.fas.org/irp/nsa/; this has a scrolling html of the
||Digital State, The Story of Minnesota's Computer Industry
||Dr. Tom Misa
||University of Minnesota Press
||Drawing on rare archival documents, photographs, and a wealth
of oral histories, Digital State unveils the remarkable story
of computer development in the heartland after World War II. These
decades found corporations—concentrated in large part in Minnesota—designing
state-of-the-art mainframe technologies, revolutionizing new methods
of magnetic data storage, and, for the first time, truly integrating
software and hardware into valuable products for the American government
and public. Minnesota-based companies such as Engineering Research
Associates, Univac, Control Data, Cray Research, Honeywell, and
IBM Rochester were major international players and together formed
an unrivaled epicenter advancing digital technologies. These companies
not only brought vibrant economic growth to Minnesota, they nurtured
the state’s present-day medical device and software industries
and possibly even tomorrow’s nanotechnology.
||Generation of Wealth, The rise of Control Data and how it inspired
an era of innovation and investment in the Upper Midwest
||Donald M. Hall
5114 Cedar Lake Road, Minneapolis MN 55416
|The TIMELINE before the Contents page begins with 1945, World
War II ends; 1946, Engineering Research Associates (ERA) formed;
...; and ends with 2009, Medtronic and St. Jude are industry leaders.
In between these dates; the author blends innovative people, company
histories, stock prices, and personal research into a fascinating,
factual story of Control Data Corporation and the spin off of Cray
et al' plus the evolution of the Medical Technology industry
LABenson reviewed Don's draft to assure correctness of the ERA Legacy
||A History of the Computer Industry: From Relay Computers to
the IBM PC
|paperback via Amazon.com
||The book is a short history of the computer industry, starting
with relay computers and ending with the IBM PC, introduced in 1981.
The book includes two chapters about important people in the industry,
plus a glossary, a bibliography, an index and footnotes.
BTW, LABenson reviewed the draft in 2013 for accuracy relative to
ERA Legacy information.