Since 1980 US Flag - fm

Information Technology (IT) Pioneers

Retirees and former employees of Unisys, Lockheed Martin, and their predecessor companies

On this Page

Site Map of the VIP Club and Legacy Anthology 

1.0 Site Design Notes

Thanks to for the US flag icon *.gif file used on the top right of our pages and chapters.  This site has been hosted on since 2011.  Please note that the current site structure was implemented the spring of 2017 to separate the Club Pages from our Legacy Anthology Chapters. The overall site framework has four general levels as described in section 2 below.   LABenson

If an item is considered to be incomplete it is flagged with this workman icon.  In earlier design structure; the 28. People, Index page tracked legacy site contributors and people mentioned therein. An update to verify the new chapter numbers indexing is on Lowell's 2021 to do list. 

1.1 Site Navigation:

We've implemented four features to aid reader's and browser's navigation:

  1. At the left are tabs for Club and Legacy topics. The bottom of that navigation section has the page or chapter number and last updated date, i.e. site map is page 0. 
  2. At the right, in the 'On this Page' or 'In this Chapter' section are quick links to topics within the web page or Legacy chapter. 
  3. All of our footers have a quick link return icon back to the home page and a "TOP" icon for a quick scroll up.  On longer pages, there are "TOP" icons at the right of several sections.
  4. Google 'Search' blocks to find items or names on this site are on the Home page, the Legacy Anthology chapter, and the Contacts and Links page.   

We have changed file names of a few pages, see the error message 404.shtml for specifics.

1.2 Software:

The webmaster currently uses Microsoft Expression Web 4 software. This includes a Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) layout to provide all pages with normal Tahoma or Arial fonts. The CSS is an open source template by Andreas Viklund, modified for our use, reference  The master files are on the webmaster's home computer. File Transfer Protocols (FTP) are used to update Internet Service Provider's public domain folders.  Former webmaster, Lowell Benson, also has a synchronized copy as the webmaster backup.  

1.3 Editing Idiosyncrasies:

Within the various pages/chapters, we've generally used (parenthesis) to indicate an acronym of the preceding words.  We've used [brackets] to separate supplemental information within sentences.  I've also used {braces} to insert my own comments as Editor's notes to text written by others.  When not otherwise obvious, I've tried to put individual author's initials in brackets at the end of articles; i. e. [lab] is Lowell Allan Benson, [rae] is Richard A. Erdrich, [dvm] is Don Mager, etc..

2.0 Site Design Framework

The four structure levels are:  Level 1 are the three primary pages tabbed as Home, IT Anthology, and Contacts & Links.  Each of these pages also has a Google search box.  Level 2 are the pages/chapters under the four Level 1 tabs, i.e. Social Activities and PeopleLevel 3 are the sections within the Level 1 and level 2 pages/chapters. Level 4 are the articles, documents, images, and newsletters linked from the text within level 2 and level 3 sections.

2.1. VIP Club Pages

Heritage Company logos.

Page # VIP Club Pages  Sections of the Club Pages
0 Site Map THIS PAGE! Overview of our design ground rules, Site Design Structure, lAbout Us Pages, Legacy Chapters table of contents, File folders, Old PageTitles and revision history. 
1 Home Welcome, What's Happening, Calendar Items, Board Meeting Dates, Search this Site, and the Site Disclaimer
2 About Us Introduction, The Board, Committees, Elections, and Revision History Log
3 Social Activities Planned Events; Periodic Group Gatherings; Histories of the Geek Squad, Old Timers, Roseville Good Old Days, Syttende Mai, Unihogs/Uniturkeys, and Volunteer Luncheons; and Venue Locations.
4 Membership Dues, Link to a printable form, membership benefits, membership qualifications, and associate membership definition
5 Newsletter An archive of Club newsletters since 2004 plus links to the most recent CBI and Blue Bell retirees group newsletters.
6 Recreation Golf League, Bowling League, Electronics Club, and a linked listing of the Twin Cities' area senior centers.
7 Club History History, Milestones, Previous Officers, Origination by Millie.
8 Contacts-Links Board Contacts, Twin Cities Links, Associated Retiree Web Sites, Technology Research Sites, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and Links Submitted by Club Members.
9 Snapshots  this will be a new page of pictures replacing the previous 'who is it page"
10 Picnic Form Annual announcement, reservation form, and venue directions - annual update
11 Volunteer Form Announcement, survey/reservation forms, and venue directions - annual update
12 Thanks 2 U A thank you page that pops up after a person has submitted the Volunteer Form, page 11.
13 Cruise Form Introduction, driving directions - registration form - Change per event desired.
15-19   Reserved for new Club items. Old page #s

2.2 Legacy IT Anthology Chapters 

The level 2 chapters and level 3 sections are listed and linked hereunder: 

  • Chapter 1 - IT Anthology: Introduction, Search Box, Committee, Project Sucesses, Thank You, Acronyms
    • Chapter 2 - ERA to LMCO; 70-year Introduction, Corporate Name History, General Managers,
    • Chapter 3 - EMCC to UNISYS; Philadelphia Introduction, UNISYS Corporate Genealogy, UNISYS Milestones, UNISYS Computers, and Networking History
    • Chapter 4 - Burroughs, etc: Introduction Burroughs bought Sperry, RCA, Sperry {place holders}
    • Chapter 5 - Minnesota's Technology Wellspring Milestones, 1946 to 2017
    • Chapter 6 - Spinoffs of ERA and CDC 1953-1994; Northport Engineering; and Printware Inc.
    • Chapter 7 - Artifacts: Models, Printed Circuit Cards, Memory Modules, Power Supply
    • Chapter 8 - Mementos: Service Awards, Plaques, Trinkets
    • Chapter 9 - Place holder for future topic
  • Chapter 10 - People: Introduction; Listing of Career Summary submittals; 9/11 experiences by Doll, Taipale, Halls, Roselle, and Reischel; plus Diversity tidbits by Soquist, Benson, Chin, and Unke.
    • Chapter 11 - People A-B: Article contributors; Summaries by Abbott, Alton, Andrews, Arnold, and Allen; and Summaries by Becker, Behnke, Benjamin, Benson, Blackmer, Blattie, Block, Bolton, Bopugie, Bro, Bukovich, Burns, Burrell, and Butler. 
    • Chapter 12 - People C-F: Article contributors; Summaries by Casey, Chappelear, Christ, Covington, and Cross; Summaries by Davis, Doll, Donaldson, Dotzler, Duncan, and Debelak; Summaries by Edwards, Enstad, and Esch; and Summaries by Fedor and Franklin.
    • Chapter 13 - People G-H: Article contributors; Summaries by Geiger, Gignac, Gildemeister, Giles, Goulding, Granberg, Gregory, Grendzinski, Grewenow, Gunderson, and Gunther; and summaries by Hambleton, Hanson, Hartmann, Heiden, Hileman, Hoffman, Hove, and Hyslop.
    • Chapter 14 - People I-L: Article contributors; Summary by Irwin and Iskos; Summary by Jurgens; Summaries by Kenny, Kistler, Kloner, Klugherz, Kolling, Kratz, Kuhns, and Koltes; and Summeries by Lahti, Langer, Lantton and Lovely.
    • Chapter 15 - People M-O: Article contributors; Summaries by Mager, Manning, McCarthy, McKenna, Michaud, Moe, Mortison, Mozak, K. Myhre, P. Myhre, and Myller; Summaries by C. Nelson, E. Nelson, K. Nelson, Mellis, and Neumann; and Summaries by 'Ole', Overocker, and Olijinek.
    • Chapter 16 - People P-R: Article contributors; Summaries by Pagac, Parkins, Petschaure, Patton, Pejsa, Phipps, Pickering, Plait, and Prokop; Summary by Quiggle; and Summaries by Rapinac, Raveling, Reiter, Roberts, Roessler, and Rougier.
    • Chapter 17 - People S: Summaries by Sandstrom, Sandusky, Santoski, Sater, Scholz, Schwitters, Sinkula, Soller, Spearing, Spitzmueller, Stephenson, Svendsen, Sloan, Schmidt, and Suckstorff.
    • Chapter 18 - People T-Z: Article contributors; Summaries by Tilford, Tofteland, and Taipale; Summary by Valentini; Summaries by Walzer, Weidenbach, Weinhold, Westergren, Widenkops, Widdoss, and Wold; and Summary by Yahr.
    • Chapter 19 - Deceased: Introduction; Obituary Logs; and Testimonials for Arndt, Bergum, Blixt, Casey, Champine, cohen, Hargesheimer, Higgenbothem, Hill, Homan, Huberty, Joseph, Keye, Markfelder, McDonald, Reid, Rubens, Tomash, Wessl und, Kucera, and Ream.
    • Chapter 20 - They Flew: Oscar Lundbeck; ASW flyers Tomisch, Barness, Kratz, Nickell, and Ronneberg; Noyes; Jack Anderson and Lowell Benson; Quent Fabro; Ron Handy; Tricia Myhre; John Enstad; Special Programs Cady, Bezdicek, and Ken J. Nelson; Hydrofoil Flying Cady, Herbster, and Benson; and ABCCC  - Svenson, Rossman, Vitale, and DuBrall. 
    • Chapter 21 - Anecdotes: HSA Recollections, Musings by Rapinac, John Alton's Recollecions, Legend of Jerry Green, John Markfelder, Marketing by Franklin, Environmental Laboratory, NTDS software, and SHINPADS.
    • Chapter 22 - People Interviewed Introduction; Interviewee Snippets of Rapinac, Hargesheimer, Shoquist, Jack Hill, and Larry Debelak.  Interview questions by Ole. ERA Old Timers; recordings of Bill Butler, Jim Wright, Jerry Williams, Ed Nelson, Jack Ross, Bernie Jansen, Bob Wesslund, Leo Bock, Alden Allen, Phil Phipps, Chuck Homan, Gale Jallen, and Warren Burrell.  Additional videos of Mron Lecy, Roy Valentini, Manny Block, and a 2nd of Phil Phipps.
    • Chapters 23 thru 28 -  These are place holders for new people stories or to resize some of the larger pages of 11 thru 18.
    • Chapter 29 - People Index: 1) Alphabetical index of people mentioned within Legacy chapters and 2) Chapter by chapter of names of people who have contributed to the chapter.  
  • Chapter 30Locations - Introduction; Original ERA buildings summaries by Benson, Lundgren, and Wise and NSTR by Michaud and Nilsson. 
    • Chapter 31 - Twin Cities': Introduction; 1987 facilities listing; Desctiptions of Plant 1, Plant 3, Plant 4, Plant 5, Plant 6, Plant 6 the second, Plant 7, Plant 8, and the MACS building.
    • Chapter 32 - United States sites: Introduction; Manufacturing Facilities in Salt Lake City UT, Clearwater FL, Pueblo CO, and Clear Lake IA; Customer sites in rockville MD, Valencia CA, and San Diego CA; TSD offices; and Marketing Offices.  
    • Chapter 33 - International sites: Introduction; Canada; Europe's Bad Godesberg and Paris; Pacific Rim; and Australia, Africa, and Asia.
    • Chapter 34 - Blue Bell history: Introduction; List of Eniac firsts; UNIVAC I, II, and III;  Technical Publications; Other design efforts; and Stories from Pioneers Chapline, Bartik, Gehring, Smoliar, Wilson, and Chintz; and the UNIVAC Magnetic Tape plating facility.
    • Chapter 35 - place holder for Clearwater FL
    • Chapter 36 - place holder for Pueblo CO
    • Chapter 37 - St. Paul Operations: An Emmett Johnson organization chart-
    • Chapter 38 - Winnipeg Operations,: Introduction, 2012 Reunion, People, Failities, and Products
    • Chapter 39 - place holder for ???  
  • Chapter 40 - Engineering - Introduction; Frank Kline tidbits; PC Design by Bob Langer; Maintenance Panels by Larry Bolton; and Embedded Processors by Harry Wise.  
    • Chapter 41 - Couplers & ERA Products: Introduction, Antenna Couplers, Crosley GSE, Doppler Wind Drift Indicator, and other ERA products.
    • Chapter 42 - Component Engineering: Introduction, Comonent Analysis, Pulse Transformers, Motley Crew, Procurement, Product Assurance, and Semiconductor Development.
    • Chapter 43 - Field Service: Introduction, History of Field Service by Dick Roessler, Johnston Island and Vandenberg AFB by Neumann and Sandusky.
    • Chapter 44 - Interface engineering: Introduction, Low Level Serial, Fiber Optics, 1773, SHINPADS, communicatand Semi-conductor.
    • Chapter 46 - Patents: Introduction, Archi Lahti, Granberg, Cost Savings, and Dockets.
    • Chapter 47 - Peripherals: Introduction, DEAC by Kuhns, Commercial I/O consoles, Ruggedized I/O Consoles, Magnetic Tape Units, Display Units, Repertoire cards, and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 48 - Software: Introduction; Athena; MAPPER Stories by Del Fiacco, Schlueter, and Thalhuber with Code Cards; NTDS by Byrne; Computer Aided Design byh Vraa; Simulation Development by Pluimer, Navy Compilers by Allen; and 1103 Software by Ross.
    • Chapter 49 - Training: Introduction; Recollections by Lyle of TAC, File computer, Technician Training, and UNIVAC Scientific; and People stories of Glen Kregness and Gary Holthusen.
  • Chapter 50 - Computers: Introduction; Level 2 Chapter summaries, NTDS Computer Models, Computer Genealogy, a nd Genealogy Comments by Harry Wise.
    • Chapter 51 - 24-bit CPUs: Introduction; Genealogy Chart; CPUs Classified, ATLAS 1101, ATHENA, 1824, CP-818, CP-823, and Speed Tally; Repertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 52 - 30-bit CPUs: Introduction; Technologies; CPU summaries for the 1104, USQ-17, M-460, USQ-20, CP-642A, CP-642B, CP-808, CP-823, Phoenix, 1230, CP-890, CP-901, 1830B, UYK-8, 1530 MTC, FAA IOOP, and ARTS III IOP; Re;pertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 53 - 18-bit CPUs: Introduction; Computer Family; Unit descriptions of 1218, U1500, 1219B, 1219C!, 1818, 1819, UYK-11, and 418 computer series; Repertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 54 - 16-bit CPUs: Introduction; Genealogy; Unit descriptions of 1616, UYK-15, MPC16, 3760, UYK-20, AYK-14, UYK-5056, 1834, UYK-44, and UYK-507; Repertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 55 - 32-bit CPUs: Introduction; Computer Family; Unit descriptions of UYK-7, AYK-10, CP-140, S-3B, and UYK-43; Memory Processor; Repertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    • Chapter 56 - 36-bit CPUs: Introduction; Unit descriptions of 1103, 1105, and CP-667; Repertoire Cards; and Technical Manuals.
    •  Chapter 57 - AF Units: Introduction; Genealogy Chart; and Unit descriptions of 2052, RMF-400, WASP, B-2, YF-23, and JSF (Joint Strike Fighter).
    • Chapter 58 - Special Purpose: Introduction; 1624; Unit descriptions of UDT, NIKE, RISC, CP-2044, USQ-69 and CLC; Special Purpose by Alton and Wayne Olson; and MOD 0 by Franklin.
    • Chapter 59 - Commercial Computers: Introduction; Computer Tree 1950-63; Early Customer Lists; Computer Tree 1962-80; Repertoirs Cards; and Technical Manuals. 
  • Chapter 60 - Systems: Introduction; Systems Evollution; and Tactical Air Command.  Many of these systems used our computers, software, and other products as described in the following level 2 tabs.
    • Chapter 61 - Air Traffic Control: Introduction; Genealogy of systems; Locations; Hardware descriptions; Software descriptions; Systems descriptions; Documents; Associated sites; and ZKSD
    • Chapter 62 - Airborne: Introduction; ASW stories by Blixt, Clement, Hunter and others; P-3 to S-3A by Rapinac; ABCCC by Debelak; Quicklook by CW4 Nesheim; and others such as LAMPS and Drone Systems.
    • Chapter 63 - Government Systems: Introduction; NEXRAD by Pickering, Lang, and Nelson; Postal; Agricultural; and Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems.
    • Chapter 64 - International: Introduction: Canadian by McCarthy; Japanese by Lovely and Francis; Egyptian Navy by Booher; and European, Ausstralia, Aftrica, Taiwan, and Thailand country summaries by Lundgren.
    • Chapter 65 - Marines: Introduction, TPQ-27 demonstration, MTDS, MATCALS, and TERPES.
    • Chapter 66 - Aerospace: Introduction, Vandenberg AFB, Johnston Island, AF Missle Tracking, Australia tracking sta, Remote Tracking, NASA in Houston, and Others. 
    • Chapter 67 - Navy Systems: Introduction; Survailance Systems; Systems' descriptions; Submarine systems; a Carrier Ride, TRANSIT GPS; and two NTDS Service Test stories from Pickering. 
    • Chapter 68 - ASOC: Introduction, System Chart, and Product Evoloution - thanks to Lauren Cady. 
    • Chapter 69 - Commercial Systems: Introduction, Topical info, Precision Agriculture, and Flight Reservation Systems.
  • Chapter 90 - Legacy Exhibits: Lawshe Memorial Museum in S St Paul; Unisys in Eagan; Charles Babbage Institute in Minneapolis; Minnesota Historical Society Museum in St. Paul; and The Computer History Museum, the USS Midway Museum, American Computer and Robotics Museum, the Vintage Computer Federation, Vintage Technology Association, the Southwest Museum of Engineering, Communications and Computation and System Source Computer Museum (SSCM).
  • Chapter 100 - Our Stories: Introduction, Monthly Articles, Site Search Box, Slide Shows, and a listing of Books that tell parts of our story.

2.3 Contacts and Links - Page 80 sections

  • E-mail addresses for the Club Officers with position foci.
  • Twin Cities links for Club member information and venue reviewing.
  • Heritage companys' Retiree's web sites.
  • Technology Research Web Sites
  • Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education sites submitted by readers.
  • Technology Research Sites submitted by members and friends of the Club.

2.4 Folders containing documents, images, etc.

This 4th level level consists of documents which open in their own window for easy return to the linking page. These are Print Documented Format (pdf) documents, Power Point slides, or jpg charts that supplement topics on the individual level 1 and level 2 chapters/pages.

  • Articles => This folder contains the Articles for the Month linked from the Our Stories chapter.
  • ATCntl => This folder contains the doc, ppt, jpg, and pdf files linked from the Systems, Air Traffic Control chapter.
  • BitsBakUp =>We have copied the ERA/UNIVAC/Sperry/UNISYS documents from for quick linking from our site and as a back up should their site disappear.
  • cgi-bin => This folder contains the script files referenced by the on-line membership form.
  • ClubForms => Contains forms used in newsetter, etc.
  • CodeCards => Volunteer Keith Myhre has scanned over 100 code cards/repertoire cards for linking from various chapters. 
  • Documents => This folder contains the data files linked from the About Us and Contacts-Links pages.
  • EngDocImg => This folder contains the files linked from the Engineering and Computer chapters. 
  • images => This folder contains the icons and pictures linked from Club pages, the Contacts & Links page, and icons common to multiple pages and chapters.
  • LegacyDocImg => This folder contains things associated with the Legacy Anthology chapter and its' sub-chapters not otherwise noted herein.
  • Newsletters => This folder contains the Club newsletters' print file links dating back to 2004.
  • PeopleDocImg => This folder contains the documents and image files linked from the People and Locations chapters.  This also has the archive of the annual 'deceased' listings. 
  • Photos => This folder contains the hardware artifact snapshots linked from the Legacy, Artifacts chapter; thanks to Larry Bolton for the listing and snapshots.
  • SysDocImg => This folder contains the files linked from the Systems and Locations chapters.
  • Temp => This folder contains Club flyers, images, and documents which are temporarily in use. 

3.0 Revision History Log*

We track major changes to our site for the convenience of readers. Note that the revision date of each page and chapter is at the bottom of the left navigation section. 

  • June, 2020: Finished updating chapter 29, People Index.  Seperated People S summaries into seperate chapter because of large size in memory.
  • May, 2020: Re-numbered the Exhibits chapter from 39 to 90.  Added section 6.7 of the Exhibits chapter and revised Our Stories #169 and #186. 
  • December, 2019: Added section 6.6 of the Exhibits chapter and section 4.3 of the People2 chapter. Updated club pages to reflect 2020 officers. Added section 3.7 of the They Flew chapter 21.
  • January, 2019: Began transitioning webmaster responsibilities from Lowell Benson to Jim Andrews.  Sent a disc copy of the site to CBI for their archives. Activated the 2018 volunteerism survey form. 
  • April 17, 2018: Moved the Acronyms section from the Site Map page to the Legacy Chapter.  Moved the revision history from the Club page to the Site Map page. Added the Fagen Museum excursion form, page 14. Inactivated the Volunteer Survey.
  • January 8, 2018: Provide a Site Map tab, i.e. table of contents on the major page/chapter navigation section.  Updated Club pages to show 2018 officers, etc.
  • September 15, 2017: Updated the Exhibits page to show the transfer of shadowboxes from Roseville to Eagan.
  • May 18, 2017: Completed the page to chapter conversion for the Legacy Anthology - have yet to update the people, index chapter notations.
  • May 3, 2017: Completed the updates to the Legacy, Legacy Engineering, Legacy People, and Legacy Location chapters. Yet to be updated are the Legacy Systems and Legacy Computers chapters. Posted the Stories for April and May.
  • March 15, 2017: Posted the Stories, formerly the Article for the Month, for January, February, and March.
  • January 29, 2017: Posted a new format 'Our Legacy' page/chapter - only about 60 more legacy chapters to do.  Also posted an 'Article for the Month' for November and December of 2016, see the Our Stories tab.
  • January 24, 2017: Activated new format Club pages, Legacy chapter/page conversions will take place in the March through May time frame.
  • The October 2007 through December 2016 chronology of previous updates is in printer definition format (pdf).

*As of November 2009, changes to the Announcements section of the home page are not listed.